Moral intuition comes first, strategic moral reasoning comes later.
There are six foundations of morality
Morality binds, and blinds. He values religion as allowing large groups of unrelated people to engage in community building.
- Care/harm: cherishing and protecting others.
- Fairness/cheating: rendering justice according to shared rules.
- Liberty/oppression: the loathing of tyranny.
- Loyalty/betrayal: standing with your group, family, nation.
- Authority/subversion: obeying tradition and legitimate authority.
- Sanctity/degradation: abhorrence for disgusting things, foods, actions.
Haidt's research into tens of thousands of people's responses to various questions creates the following three models showing the relative emphases given to the six foundations by US Liberals, Libertarians and Conservatives.
Apparently Libertarians are pretty much just Liberals without a heart...
Although, of course, I don't buy everything Professor Haidt is offering, I am glad to have read his work. And he sorta endeared himself to me when, a Liberal himself, he described the
sometimes blind Liberal attitude toward "sacralized victim groups."